Culture & the Arts, Muscogee Government & Politics

Belated Happy Treaty of New York Day (August 7, 1790)

“The artist dressed us wrong. He was painting a scene 109 years past, but there were accurate portraits available in lithographs. He should have found them.” ~ Rob Trepp

Treaty of New York

President Washington escorts his Indian guests on a walk along Broadway in New York City. When the Republic was young and Indian problems played a crucial role in land policy, Washington invited this Creek chief and his tribal advisers to visit New York and discuss a treaty of friendship. The chief, whose unlikely name–Alexander McGillivray–came from a Scottish trader father, accepted the invitation, and in August 1790 signed the desired treaty.
illustration by A. J. Keller. Harper’s Monthly Magazine, October 1899

According to the online Encyclopedia of Alabama, the 1790 Treaty of New York was an treaty involving the new United States under George Washington’s administration and the Creek and Seminole Nations.

The Treaty of New York of August 7, 1790 is most noteworthy in American history because it contains language in it that was only known to certain parties signing the agreement. In other words, not all of the Chiefs and Warriors were given all the details of the treaty.

Among other things, the treaty ended the Spanish “monopoly of trade” with the Creeks and the Creeks agreed to keep out run away slaves.

Alexander McGillivray personally gained from signing the treaty on behalf of some Creek Chiefs. McGillivray was given the rank of Brigadier General unbeknownst to many Creek Chiefs signing the treaty and was also given annual pay of $1,200. McGillivray also claimed to speak for the Seminole during the signing of the treaty.


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Web project of Muscogee (Creek) Citizens Coalition Inc. Muscogee (Creek) Citizens Coalition Inc. is an web-based not for profit organization registered with the Muscogee (Creek) Nation. The vision of the M(C)CC is to help build stronger communities through the use of technology and the sharing of information.


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Tribal Town Radio

Tribal Town Radio is the official web blog of Muscogee (Creek) Citizens Coalition Inc. Muscogee (Creek) Citizens Coalition Inc. is a web-based not for profit organization. Copyright 2011- 12. All rights reserved.
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