Muscogee Government & Politics

Muscogee (Creek) Nation Sues Poarch Band of Creek Indians to Stop Further Desecration of Oce Vpofv


Granite nameplate designating the Hickory Ground Tribal Town or Oce Vpofa at the Muscogee Nation War Memorial located at the Creek Nation Capital Complex.

Press Release

Muscogee (Creek) Nation Sues to Stop Casino Development on Sacred Burial Grounds

(Montgomery, Alabama) December 12, 2012 – The Muscogee (Creek) Nation filed a federal lawsuit to stop the construction of a casino on its historic ceremonial and burial grounds, known as Hickory Ground, located in Wetumpka, Alabama. Filed on December 12, the suit claims that the Poarch Band of Creek Indians excavated approximately 57 sets of human remains and relocated the burials in April of this year to
develop a $246 million casino on sacred land. Hickory Ground is listed on the National Register of Historic Places because it was the last capital of the Creek Nation before forced removal to Indian Territory (now Oklahoma), and because previously undisturbed Muscogee burials are located there.

The federal complaint, filed in the U.S. District Court for the Middle District of Alabama, asserts that:

  • Poarch Band acquired Hickory Ground under the false pretense of preservation.
  • Poarch Band promised to protect the archeological remains at Hickory Ground
    against excavation and received a federal historic preservation grant to acquire
    the property in 1980.
  • Poarch Band violated a preservation covenant by developing a casino on
    Hickory Ground.
  • The lineal descendants of the exhumed ancestors-who are known as “Hickory
    Ground Tribal Town” or Ocevpofv in the Muscogee language-never consented
    to the excavation, and such consent is required by the Native American Graves
    Protection and Repatriation Act.
  • Ceremonial and burial grounds should be protected under the American Indian
    Religious Freedom Act, which also requires consultation with traditional religious
    leaders, the Ocevpofv leaders, in this instance.
  • Auburn University contracted with Poarch Band to excavate the remains.
  • U.S. Interior Department failed to fulfill statutory and fiduciary duties to protect
    the burial grounds.

The lawsuit is filed against Poarch Band and its officials, construction contractors Flintco, LLC and Martin Construction, Inc., Auburn University, and the U.S. Department of Interior. The lawsuit seeks preservation of Hickory Ground, and does not seek money damages.

Oce Vpofa Mekko George Thompson

Oce Vpofa Mekko George Thompson.

“From the beginning, it has been our stance that the remains should be put back where they were excavated,” said Mekko George Thompson, who has served as a traditional Muscogee Chief of the Hickory Ground Tribal Town for 42 years. “The ceremonial ground is sacred, so it is not a proper place for a casino,” Thompson added.

Poarch Band was not federally recognized as a tribe until 1984 and descends from Creek Indians who received a land grant in Tensaw, Alabama, as a reward for assisting the United States to fight against and remove the Creek Nation from Alabama in the 1830s, according to the lawsuit. The Poarch Band operates three casinos, including the Wind Creek Casino in Atmore, the Creek Casino Montgomery and the Creek Casino Wetumpka, according to its website. The planned expansion of the Wetumpka casino would include a 20-story hotel with 285 rooms and a 90,000 square foot gaming floor with more than 2,500 electronic gaming devices, according to an announcement reported by the Atmore Advance.

The Muscogee (Creek) Nation, based in Okmulgee, Oklahoma, is a federally recognized Indian tribe with approximately 70,000 citizens. Hickory Ground Tribal Town, or Ocevpofv in the Muscogee language, is a traditional ceremonial ground that is part of the Muscogee (Creek) Nation and its members are the lineal descendants of the historic Hickory Ground sacred land in Wetumpka, Alabama, according to the lawsuit. The Muscogee (Creek) Nation, Hickory Ground Tribal Town and Ocevpofv chief Mekko George Thompson are plaintiffs in the lawsuit.

For more information, please contact attorney Brendan Ludwick at (888) 929-9602 or visit

The complaint filed by the Muscogee (Creek) Nation can be found here.


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December 2012
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Tribal Town Radio

Tribal Town Radio is the official web blog of Muscogee (Creek) Citizens Coalition Inc. Muscogee (Creek) Citizens Coalition Inc. is a web-based not for profit organization. Copyright 2011- 12. All rights reserved.
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